THE massive disaster of a tsunami took away the lives of the people and many children became orphans. They lost the estate and many of them were left homeless, suffering loss of livelihood as their boats was severely damaged. Though relief operations were started immediately after the tsunami, there was great need for rehabilitation works to help people get back on their feet.
Due to the tsunami, the worst affected people were the fishing community who lost their boats and nets and were left with no income. Under our KISES rehabilitation programme, a total of 40 boats and nets were repaired and thus the fishermen were eventually able to re-orient themselves back into their normal lives.
A big part of our rehabilitation programme included house construction and repairs after many families were made homeless by the tsunami. There was a danger that children would become child labourers or become involved in anti-social behaviour if they were not quickly re-orientated into society. Some village homes were severely damaged and in the rainy season the problems worsened as families had no proper shelter. Assessments were made of the extent of damage to houses and repairs or rebuilding works were carried out accordingly.
QUALITY OF CONSTRUCTION:
Construction was carried out to a high standard, so as not only to provide short-term relief, but with the intention of creating permanent structures. The families of the beneficiaries were proud of their new homes and some expressed that their living conditions were now better than they could have imagined. A total of 225 houses were repaired in 16 villages of Machilipatnam and Nagayalanka mandals.
The main focus was to re-orient the victims back into normal society for the long term and it was decided to distribute two buffaloes and two sheep each family which fell victim to the tsunami, so that income would come from the buffalo milk. A total of 256 buffaloes and 260 sheep were distributed to the families in all the 16 villages. To each family 10 chicks and five fruit plants were also distributed to help generate future income. Health insurance was also covered for the buffaloes and 10 beneficiaries were able to avail themselves of this after the death of their animals.
Open defecation and porr sanitation has been a major problem in the operational villages, causing many diseases. To arrest this problem, it was decided to construct a house toilet for each of the families to increase the local environment and consequently reduce health problems. A total of 205 multi-purpose toilets (used for bathing and latrine) were constructed in 16 villages of two mandals.